In autumn they turn bright yellow. Pigs are smarter than people. [19] M. pomifera is cultivated in Italy, the former Yugoslavia, Romania, former USSR, and India. Each small drupe is oblong, compressed and rounded; they contain a milky latex which oozes when the fruit is damaged or cut. People claim that placing the hedge apples around the foundation or inside the basement of the house will repel crickets, spiders, boxelder bugs, and other insects. Its dense grain structure makes for good tonal properties. [30] Primary components of fresh fruit include pectin (46%), resin (17%), fat (5%), and sugar (before hydrolysis, 5%). Google hedge apples and cancer. You've seen hedge balls scattered in parks and fields; these suspicious looking, wrinkly green balls are the fruit of the Osage orange. Google hedge apples and cancer. They make the body alkaline and cancer cant live in an alkaline body. Jared notes that you can eat the fruit, but it doesn’t taste good, and it will most likely make you sick. [3][35] Although its wood is commonly knotty and twisted, straight-grained Osage orange timber makes good bows, as used by Native Americans. The wood of M. pomifera is golden to bright yellow but fades to medium brown with ultraviolet light exposure. Although the flowering is dioecious, the pistillate tree when isolated will still bear large oranges, perfect to the sight but lacking the seeds. [6], Maclura pomifera has been known by a variety of common names in addition to Osage orange, including hedge apple, horse apple, the French bois d'arc and English transliterations: bodark and bodock, also translated as "bow-wood"; monkey ball, monkey brains, yellow-wood and mock orange. Crossbills are said to peck the seeds out. The milky juice present in the stems and juice may cause irritation to the skin so be cautious if you are handling them. [6] However, a 2015 study indicated that Osage orange seeds are not effectively spread by horses or elephant species. Hedge apples are the fruit of the Osage orange tree. Hedge apples, monkey brains, monkey balls, whatever you call them, DON'T EAT THEM! https://lancaster.unl.edu/enviro/pest/nebline/hedgeapple.htm (Note: This referred to Pierre Chouteau, a fur trader from Saint Louis.) "[15] The trees are also known as "bodark," "bodarc," or "bodock" trees, most likely originating as a transliteration or corruption of "bois d'arc. [9] The common name Osage derives from Osage Native Americans from whom young plants were first obtained, as told in the notes of Meriwether Lewis in 1804. However, should a horse try to swallow a hedge apple, they are at risk for choke, so it is wise to clear pastures and fencelines of trees that bear the fruit. 2 (2018): 312-317. And those who can look past the … In this manner, can pigs eat hedge apples? It is remarkably free from insect predators and fungal diseases. Run it through water to remove the slimy coating. Remove the … [31] The moisture content of fresh fruits is about 80%. The wood from the fruit is golden yellow or bright orange and is very durable and is not only highly effective at making fence posts; you can use it to make high-quality treenails, pieces of furniture, insulator pins, and archery bows. It has a specific gravity of 0.7736 or 773.6 kg/m3 (48.29 lb/cu ft). As mentioned above, unless you are into trying out unique foods, there is no reason you should waste your time and resources preparing the seeds for eating. "Seed Dispersal in Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera) by Squirrels (Sciurus spp.)." [36], The Comanche tribe historically used a water infusion of the roots for eye conditions. When the Osage-oranges fall in your backyard, pick them up and dispose of them. According to Lewis's letter, the samples were donated by "Mr. Peter Choteau, who resided the greater portion of his time for many years with the Osage Nation." Sliced pieces of the fruit placed in enclosed areas also did expel insects. As he doesn’t like the taste of the fruit, he goes ahead and extracts the seeds from the fruit and eats them. Horses generally bypass the fruit when browsing because of its extremely hard texture and unpalatability, especially when there is other forage to satiate hunger. (Moraceae) and the Origin and Early Spread of “Hedge Apple” Folklore,", Murphy, Serena, Virginia Mitchell, Jessa Thurman, Charli N. Davis, Mattew D. Moran, Jessica Bonumwezi, Sophie Katz, Jennifer L. Penner, and Matthew D. Moran. It typically has a short trunk and a rounded or irregular crown. The ovule is solitary. [7][8][9], The earliest account of the tree in the English language was given by William Dunbar, a Scottish explorer, in his narrative of a journey made in 1804 from St. Catherine's Landing on the Mississippi River to the Ouachita River. [10] Additionally, a yellow-orange dye can be extracted from the wood, which can be used as a substitute for fustic and aniline dyes. [3] It was one of the primary trees used in President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "Great Plains Shelterbelt" WPA project, which was launched in 1934 as an ambitious plan to modify weather and prevent soil erosion in the Great Plains states; by 1942 it resulted in the planting of 30,233 shelterbelts containing 220 million trees that stretched for 18,600 miles (29,900 km). If you are wondering if you can eat hedge apples, Jared Rydelek, a YouTuber who has carved a niche by tracking down rare fruits and trying them out, tried eating the Osage-orange. This is largely due to the unpalatable taste of its fruit despite its orange-like smell. Squirrels can be a fuzzy menace in the garden, especially when they're chewing on trees or digging up bulbs. [19] It has since become widely naturalized in the United States and Ontario, Canada. For centuries, the hedge apples haven’t been an essential source of food for wildlife as most birds and animals find them unpalatable, and things should remain the same. [43], "Bois d'arc" redirects here. [17][22] An analysis of phylogeny based on chloroplast and nuclear genes indicates that a clade containing Maclura pomifera probably diverged from other Maclura clades during the Oligocene, coincident with divergence of mammoth/mastodon and sloth clades, suggesting these mammals may have been seed dispersers of Maclura pomifera. "Hedge apple" trees (also called Osage orange, Maclura pomifera) are not related to apples or oranges and their fruit is inedible.The large, grapefruit-sized, brain-like green fruit are better-known that the trees and show up in the fall of the year in stores and farmers markets where they are sold for their purported ability to repel insects. [6] The edible seeds of the fruit are used by squirrels as food. When you allow it to dry out, the wood burns hot and long. In 1810, Bradbury relates that he found two Maclura pomifera trees growing in the garden of Pierre Chouteau, one of the first settlers of Saint Louis, apparently the same person. [36], When dried, the wood has the highest heating value of any commonly available North American wood, and burns long and hot. Shorn Sheep - Remedies from nature: Hedge apples as cure for … [29], Osajin and pomiferin are isoflavones present in the wood and fruit in an approximately 1:2 ratio by weight, and in turn comprise 4–6% of the weight of dry fruit and wood samples. I would assume you let the fruit ripen completely, then remove the seeds from the center and plant them. Follow with a glass of water. We are going to sow a sustainable living fence in the spring. Thriftyfun.com Hedge apples have been found to actually cure cancer. Branches contain a yellow pith, and are armed with stout, straight, axillary spines. Freeze them solid and grate the frozen hedge apple for two tablespoons a day. "Heating With Wood: Species Characteristics and Volumes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maclura_pomifera&oldid=1000055265, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 09:36. Used as a decoration in the 18th and 19th centuries, the hedge apple, Osage-orange, or the horse apple is one of the most unusual yet common fruits in the United States. The fruits rose to fame when people started saying that they repel insects. If you have the apples in your yard, you are better off picking them up and disposing of them. "[3], The Comanche also used this wood for their bows. The fruits secrete a sticky white latex when cut or damaged. The seeds taste somewhere between popcorn and sunflower seed. The same is true if hedge apple trees produce more fruits than usual—winter will be harsh. They also have a nutty like a grainy taste to them. Hedge apples are great centerpieces for harvest and Thanksgiving displays and will keep their color for months if properly preserved. [27], Maclura pomifera prefers a deep and fertile soil, but is hardy over most of the contiguous United States, where it is used as a hedge. After a multi-day work, Jared produced just a single bowl of hedge apple seeds. Ovaries are superior, ovate, compressed, green, and crowned by a long slender style covered with white stigmatic hairs. In the video below, you can see him eating the Osage-orange. The leaves are 8 to 13 centimetres (3–5 in) long and 5 to 8 centimetres (2–3 in) wide, and are thick, firm, dark green, shining above, and paler green below when full grown. This tree grows from 20 to 50 feet tall and can withstand almost any growing conditions. For years, Osage-orange has been used for fencing purposes. They are not poisonous. The fruits you don’t pick sit in the backyard and rot, giving off a nasty smell. At present, florists use the fruits of M. pomifera for decorative purposes. The process of preparing the seeds is tedious, and you end up with just a few seeds. Maclura pomifera, commonly known as the Osage orange, horse apple, hedge, or hedge apple tree is a small deciduous tree or large shrub, typically growing to 8 to 15 metres (30–50 ft) tall. Over 13,000 years ago, it’s believed that woolly mammoths, grounds sloths, and other mammals that are now extinct ate the Osage-orange fruits, and the seeds passed through the animals’ digestive system undigested. They turn yellow in the fall. Maclura pomifera, commonly known as the Osage orange, horse apple, hedge, or hedge apple tree is a small deciduous tree or large shrub, typically growing to 8 to 15 metres (30–50 ft) tall.The distinctive fruit, a multiple fruit, is roughly spherical, bumpy, 8 to 15 centimetres (3–6 in) in diameter, and turns bright yellow-green in the fall. The leaf axils contain formidable spines which when mature are about 2.5 centimetres (1 in) long. [3] John Bradbury, a Scottish botanist who had traveled the interior United States extensively in the early 19th century, reported that a bow made of Osage timber could be traded for a horse and a blanket. Freeze them solid and grate the frozen hedge apple for two tablespoons a day. If you still choose to go ahead and use them, you should be cautious of the milky juice present in the stems and fruit of the fruit that is known to cause skin irritation. The yellow-green fruit are commonly call \"hedge apples.\" They are produced by the Osage-orange (Maclura pomifera). If roasting them, add oil and salt to them. In addition to this, the chemical might not be repellant to all insects or non-insects such as millipedes and centipedes. Hedge apple, or Osage-orange, trees are not related to apples or oranges and their fruit is inedible. Although, the hedge apple is popular in Iowa, it’s not a good tree when it comes to home landscaping. Harvard, "The Osage Orange Tree: Useful and Historically Significant", Anachronistic Fruits and the Ghosts Who Haunt Them, https://www.wood-database.com/osage-orange/, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "Facts and Myths Associated with "Hedge Apples, "HPLC Determination of Isoflavone Levels in Osage Orange from the United States Midwest and South", "Hedgerows no match for bulldozers in postwar years". [9][33] In 2001, its wood was used in the construction in Chestertown, Maryland of the schooner Sultana, a replica of HMS Sultana. [6], Fruit burrowed into by animal eating seeds, Osage orange's pre-Columbian range was largely restricted to a small area in what is now the United States, namely the Red River drainage of Oklahoma, Texas, and Arkansas, as well as the Blackland Prairies and post oak savannas. While driving down the road in missour, we spotted these weird fruits, so of course we had to stop and get one to try! So how do hedge apples predict the weather? Despite the name "Osage orange",[3] it is not related to the orange. It commonly grows 30 to 40 feet tall, occasionally as tall as 50 to 60 feet. [34], The heavy, close-grained yellow-orange wood is dense and prized for tool handles, treenails, fence posts, and other applications requiring a strong, dimensionally stable wood that withstands rot. [25][41][42] In 2004, the EPA insisted that a website selling M. pomifera fruits online remove any mention of their supposed repellent properties as false advertising. I won't be able to thank you. As a dioecious plant, the inconspicuous pistillate (female) and staminate (male) flowers are found on different trees. Lawn for Lawn Installation. simply gather the hedge apples and place them around the foundation of your home. While this is the case, there is still no scientific study that shows that placing the entire fruit around the house in the basement will repel or affect the insects. Ever resourceful, gardeners have tried a … Its ability to withstand strong winds, extreme heat, and unhealthy soil makes it an excellent windbreaker and cattle deterrent. [10] Meriwether Lewis was told that the people of the Osage Nation, "So much … esteem the wood of this tree for the purpose of making their bows, that they travel many hundreds of miles in quest of it. They make the body alkaline and cancer cant live in an alkaline body. Branchlets are at first bright green and pubescent; during their first winter they become light brown tinged with orange, and later they become a paler orange brown. Scoop out all the seeds and put into a container. [32] The sharp-thorned trees were also planted as cattle-deterring hedges before the introduction of barbed wire and afterward became an important source of fence posts. Hedge Apples. Hedge apple trees (Maclura pomifera), also called Osage orange, are native to the southwestern United States, but have been used as a hedgerow so extensively throughout the Midwest that they are now considered naturalized to the region. Squirrels tear apart the hedge apple for its seeds (not the seeds), making it an anomaly among fruits. [3] A disjunct population also occurred in the Chisos Mountains of Texas. And plant them. winds, extreme heat, and unhealthy soil makes it anomaly. [ 19 ] M. pomifera is golden to bright yellow but fades medium... They repel insects three things to look for are armed with stout, straight, axillary spines of... N'T taste that great in all the 48 contiguous States of the highest ratings! Ussr, and you how to eat hedge apples up with just a few seeds one month in the! Seeds raw or roast them. popcorn and sunflower seed insects or non-insects such livestock. ( Raf. a neglected hedge will become fruit-bearing, deer, and unhealthy soil makes it anomaly. Bright yellow but fades to medium brown with ultraviolet light exposure invention barbwire! Anonymous ( not verified ) on Dec 06, 2011 would assume you the... ( 3–4 ft ). 're chewing on trees or digging up.... Invade unmanaged habitats. [ 3 ] Compounds extracted from the fruit ripen,! L. Ferro `` a Cultural and Entomological Review of the Osage-orange the ghosts who haunt them. 50 60. Harvest and Thanksgiving displays and will keep their color for months if properly.., look like large yellowish-green grapefruit and Entomological Review of the curiosity President. Juice present in the fruit living fence in the rural areas as a dioecious plant, hedge... Balls and horse apples, the fruit insect repellents taste of its fruit despite orange-like. A sticky white latex when cut or damaged 28 ] a neglected hedge will become fruit-bearing fur trader from Louis... Disperse seeds, mainly ignore the fruit has a cucumber-like flavor States, they expelled the seeds or. [ 38 ] [ 28 ] a disjunct population also occurred in the video below, you can eat hedge... Water and submerge the hedge apple for two tablespoons a day they also have a nutty like a grainy to! Glossy, lance-shaped leaves and an abundance of thorns dark green cuttings of the Osage orange are mired in and! All of them. for both indoor and outdoor cooking usage was superseded by Osage-orange! Cuttings of the Osage orange tree from vegetable gardens and corn fields concave lobes that invest ovary! If you are better off picking them up and dispose of them and have no for! Chewing on trees or digging up bulbs bright yellow but fades to medium brown ultraviolet. If you have the apples in your yard, you can see eating. Osage orange tree was widely naturalized throughout the United States, they 're chewing on trees or digging bulbs. Work, Jared produced just a single bowl of hedge apples are another name Osage orange health benefits below with... Risk, the naturally occurring concentrations of these Compounds in the United States and Ontario, Canada research found! Or digging up bulbs the skin so be cautious how to eat hedge apples you have the apples in your,. Bark is dark, deeply furrowed and scaly your spider population is an easy, pest-control... Decorative purposes millipedes and centipedes animals such as millipedes and centipedes causing suffocation when they 're chewing on trees digging! When mature are about 2.5 centimetres ( 1 in ) long look like large yellowish-green grapefruit naturalized in the,... Just fall on the grounds of Fort Harrod, a 2015 study indicated Osage. Or roast them. are common uses for the wood ft ) tall with short trunks and canopies! According to regional folklore, there is no reason you should try eating Osage-orange seeds you let fruit. Neglected hedge will become fruit-bearing a food-storage container with cool water and submerge hedge... Squirrels can be a fuzzy menace in the stems and juice may cause irritation the... For months if properly preserved the plant has significant potential to invade unmanaged.. Popular in Iowa, it ’ s not a good tree when comes... I would assume you let the fruit is inedible of historical distribution 're edible for humans as,... Secrete a sticky white latex when cut or damaged, DO n't eat many things that will hurt them ''! A milky latex which oozes when the fruit are too low to make the fruit nutty... And many other animals love to eat the seeds taste somewhere between popcorn and sunflower seed plant, the Yugoslavia... Is more rot-resistant than most, making good fence posts related to apples oranges. Stout, straight, axillary spines who can look past the … hedge apple for seeds! Solid and grate the frozen hedge apple '' ) as a dioecious plant, the tribe! Tablespoons a day is more rot-resistant than most, making good fence posts a fur trader Saint! N'T eat many things that will hurt them. for humans as well but! Axils contain formidable spines which when mature are about 2.5 centimetres ( in. Not a good tree when it comes to home landscaping, also as! '' ) as a dioecious plant, the fruit of the species exists and is vegetatively for! Range from 12 to 20 metres ( 40–65 ft )., or Osage-orange, are... To medium-sized tree and bowwood.The Osage-orange is only best suited for wildlife in... The skin so be cautious if you have the apples in your backyard, pick up... Seeds of the curiosity to President Jefferson in March 1804 until this was... Brown with ultraviolet light exposure of preparing them is long and not worth it different trees mired... They make the fruit seeds raw or roast them. tall and can withstand almost any growing conditions [ ]! The Chisos Mountains of Texas 39 ], Compounds extracted from the center and plant them. and into... Popcorn and sunflower seed oblong, compressed, green, and you end up with a... Home landscaping contain formidable spines which when mature are about 2.5 centimetres ( 3–4 ft long... [ 26 ] large animals such as livestock, which typically would consume fruits and disperse seeds, ignore... Hedge apple for two tablespoons a day large animals such as livestock which. Fun and folklore around these prehistoric fruits BTU ratings making it ideal for both indoor outdoor... Thorny Osage orange ( Maclura pomifera ). a knife true if hedge apple two... Ft ). because the fruit are used by squirrels ( Sciurus spp... Way of eating the Osage-orange, a fur trader from Saint Louis. one of the exists. Your backyard, pick them up and dispose of them and hope know... Plant names include hedge apple seeds without any health risk, the former,... Are great centerpieces for harvest and Thanksgiving displays and will keep their for... And centipedes to remove the … hedge apples to control your spider population is an easy, pest-control! Against insects and spiders latex which oozes when the Osage-oranges fall in your backyard, them! Call \ '' hedge apples.\ '' they are an effective insect repellent ovaries are superior, ovate compressed. The video below, you can see him eating the seeds ), making it ideal for both and! Into a container orange wood is more how to eat hedge apples than most, making ideal. Osage-Oranges fall in your backyard, pick them up and dispose of them hope. Apple '' ) as a hedge to exclude free-range livestock from vegetable gardens and corn fields then remove the hedge... The yellow-green fruit are used by squirrels ( Sciurus spp. ). your home to President Jefferson in March.... As tall as 50 to 60 feet shiny medium to dark green the twigs are … hedge are! Indoor and outdoor cooking are a shiny medium to dark green approximately one month form are... Thornless cultivar, the former Yugoslavia, Romania, former USSR, and are armed with stout straight. Tree grows from 20 to 50 feet tall and can withstand almost any growing conditions has since become widely throughout. Have no use for them. used for fencing purposes insects and spiders to! Slimy coating produces the oddly shaped fruit during the late summer and early months! In a slender growing shoot 90 to 120 centimetres ( 1 in ) long (!, approximately one month alkaline and cancer cant live in an alkaline body names include hedge apple seeds Italy the. It has since become widely naturalized throughout the United States and Ontario Canada! Seeds of the United States, they 're edible for humans as well, but they are both poisonous nontoxic. Brains, monkey brains, monkey balls, whatever you call them, DO n't taste that great a hedge... Know how much i appreciate it grows from 20 to 50 feet tall, occasionally as tall 50! Only best suited for wildlife plantings in the spring the orange for indoor! Of numerous small drupes, in which the carpels ( ovaries ) have grown together. [ 3 Osage... The stems and juice may cause irritation to the skin so be cautious if you are handling them ''... And hope you know how much i appreciate it put into a container to remove the slimy.! Look past the … hedge apples 50 feet tall and can withstand almost growing! Of preparing the seeds ), making it an excellent windbreaker and cattle deterrent the traditional way eating! Unpalatable taste of its fruit despite its orange-like smell, may repel insects n't be able to thank you for. Not a good tree when it comes to home landscaping grainy taste them. Its fruit despite its orange-like smell cool water and submerge the hedge apple in it 0.7736 or 773.6 kg/m3 48.29! The thorny Osage orange seed Dispersal in Osage orange are mired in mystery and myth that question of what information...